Glossary

A

Adobe Acrobat ReaderSoftware that allows you to view a PDF document.

Analogue A conventional method of transmitting data providing for greater quality and speed of data transmission.

Assistive technology Software or hardware that assist and improve the functional capabilities of people with disabilities. 

Attachment – A document sent with an email message (e.g. Word documents, PDFs, Excel files, JPEGs).

B

Back-end –  An application that performs an essential task not apparent to the user.

Backward compatibleSoftware that is backward compatible, it is compatible with earlier versions of the same software.

Bandwidth –  Refers to the maximum amount of data that can travel a communications path in a given time.

Bit The smallest unit of measurement in computing. 8 bits make up 1 byte.

BluetoothIs a wireless communications technology intended to replace cables.

Bookmark A saved link to a particular Web page.

Boolean operators – Most search engines limit your search or make it more specific by using words such as                                             “and”, “or” and “not”. These words are known as boolean operators because of their origin                                        as terms in logic.

Boot (re-boot)  Restarting the computer rather than turning it completely off and on again.

Bounce back – An email message that cannot be delivered and returns an error notification to the sender.

Broadband – A type of communications technology whereby a single wire can carry more than one type of signal                       at once.

Browser – A software program that allows you to surf the web. 

C

Cache – When you download a web page, the data is “cached,” meaning it is temporarily stored on your computer. 

CAD – Computer-aided design is a software that allows users to create 2D and 3D design and modelling.

Chip – A microprocessor that performs many functions and calculations that make your computer run. 

Cloud computing – Stores and accesses data and programs over the Internet instead of on another type of hard                                  drive. 

Compression The reduction of the size of a file. 

Content Refers to a website’s text and information, as opposed to its design and structure.

Cookie – A code or data created by a web server and stored on a user’s computer. It is used to keep track of the                  user’s usage patterns and preferences.

CPU – The central processing unit is the brains behind your computer. 

CybercrimeAny type of illegal activity that is undertaken on a computer. 

Cybersecurity – The measures designed to protect your computer, device or network from cybercrime. 

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z